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Buffalo Soldiers Museum

Buffalo Soldiers Museum

9th and 10th Horse Cavalry Buffalo Soldiers Museum

This museum is about American history.  The African-American soldiers played a decisive role in the US Army on the Western Frontier during the period of 1867 – through 1944. They were first authorized by Congress in July 1866.  These soldiers fought many battles for America on the front-line. The greatest is the San Juan battle, their actions were famous.  It was during the Battle of San Juan most of the Rough Riders lives were saved; by the Buffalo Soldiers.  This made the Buffalo Soldiers national heroes.

Origins of the Buffalo Soldiers

The all-Black regiments, each of about 100 soldiers, helped to rebuild the country after the Civil war and to patrol the remote western frontier. These regiments were the 9th and 10th Cavalry and the 38th,  40th, and 41st Infantry. The four infantry regiments reorganized to form the 24th and 25th infantry in 1869.  Although the pay was low for the time, only $13 a month, many African Americans enlisted because typically they could make more in the military than elsewhere, and it offered more dignity than typically could be attained in civilian life.

How the Buffalo Soldiers Got Their Name

According to legend, Native Americans called the Black cavalry troops “Buffalo Soldiers” because of their dark curly hair, and the fierce, brave, fighting spirit which resembled a buffalo. These fierce brave and fighting spirit troops accepted the name with pride and honor.  These men were known as the peacekeepers of America.

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